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Check out our collection of links to articles on Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) on the web, there's some interesting reading here. (Electrostatic Solutions Ltd and Dr Jeremy Smallwood do not necesarily support the views expressed in any article listed here).

Links to articles on ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD)



Date link posted

Packaging for Telecommunications Systems and Assemblies

Gene Chase : Packaging for Telecommunications Systems and Assemblies: Does it Provide Adequate
Protection for Electrostatic Discharge Sensitive (ESDS) Electronics?


An ESD Packaging Compendium

Gene Chase gives a guide to the background, history, standards and practice of ESD packaging.


ESD Control for Class 0 ESDS Devices

Roger Pierce discusses how to protect devices between 20 and 100V.


Principles of ESD Control

The ESD Association explain the basics.


Developing an ESD Control Program

Ryne Allen and Gene Felder


Static-Control Bags Are
Clean and Cushiony

Jud Strock looks at the diferent types of ESD protective packaging.


The Most Common Causes Of ESD Damage

Roger Peirce shares his top 23 causes of damage to ESD-sensitive parts.


ESD Control and ROI

Ryan Allen of Desco shows how an ESD Control Program can be a money saver with Return on Investment of 1000% per annum.


Coosing the right ESD flooring



Design of semiconductor manufacturing equipment for electrostatic compatibility

Article by Jeff Bruner from Sematech meeting 2002


Industry Council on ESD target levels

White paper: A case for lowering component level HBM/MM ESD specifications and requirements


Council Member blog

The percieved impact of IC component level ESD specifications to system level reliability. The Council welcomes system engineers to post their questions and concerns through this web site.


Electrostatic Discharge

Siliconfareast.com article on the basics of ESD

15 November 2007

Protecting IGBTs and MOSFETs from ESD

IR Application note AN-955

20 March 2007

Choose the right bag

A good article from Ground Zero Electrostatics on choosing the right ESD packaging bags

21st November 2006

List of ESD Symposium Proceedings and contents

Posted by Gene Chase. Very useful if you need to look up an article in the procedings!

19th May 2006

Fundamentals of Electrostatic Discharge Part One--An Introduction to ESD

2001, ESD Association, Rome, NY

19th May 2006

A Study of the Mechanisms for ESD Damage to Reticles

Montoya, Levitt and Englisch.

19th May 2006

ESD LATENCY - Reliability Investigation & Analysis

Military & Avionics COTS Conference, 2000.

19th May 2006


(pdf file)

Eastern Caribbean Civil Aviation Authority AIRWORTHINESS ADVISORY CIRCULAR ECCAA Document AAC-029

16th March 2006

Electrostatic Discharge Control: A Guide To Handling Integrated Circuits

Intersil Technical Brief TB52.

15th March 2006

Cost Benefit Analysis:
How Much is Enough?

Richard Moss


12th February 2006

Failure through electrical stress


12th February 2006



12th February 2006

ESD Failures

NASA Electrical Engineering Division, Code 560, NASA GSFC Greenbelt, Maryland

12th February 2006

Electrically Induced Damage to Standard Linear Integrated Circuits:
The Most Common Causes and the Associated Fixes to Prevent Reoccurrence

Niall Lyne. Analog Devices Application Note AN 379.

12th February 2006

Enhancing Profits With Effective ESD Control

Steve Halperin and Ron Gibson comment on how accurate process evaluation provides real answers.

17th Jan 2006

Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Technology Roadmap

How the ESD Association experts see ESD sensitivity and technology developing to 2010. (.pdf file)

17th Jan 2006

ESTAT Garments Project reports

The ESTAT Garments project looked at test methods for ESD protective garments used in the electronics industry. Download copies of the ESTAT garments reports from its official web site.

December 9, 2005

Static planet resources

A selection of good quality articles on ESD topics from 3M


Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Protective
Semiconductor Packing Materials and Configurations

Packing materials are selected and tested in accordance with internal specifications that meet or exceed current industry standards.(.pdf, 189kB)


Latch-Up, ESD, and Other Phenomena

(.pdf, 155 kB)

Ti Application report SLYA014A - May 2000


Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) (.pdf, 142 kB)

Ti's Application Report SSYA010. This application report provides an overview of electrostatic-discharge (ESD) test models,
failure modes, protection strategies, and Texas Instruments (TI) procedures to guard against ESD failures.


TI's Application report on ESD

See what Texas Instruments has to say on the subject...


Intel Packaging Databook

Ch 6 - EOS/ESD
(.pdf, 53kB)

Electrostatic discharge (ESD) costs the electronics industry millions of dollars each year in damaged components, non-functional circuit boards and scrambled or missing information.


Intel - Manufacturing tips

See what Intel says about EOS/ESD considerations


Photos of ESD damage to electronic components

We are indebted to Rohm Electronics for these photos of ESD damage to components returned by their clients.

March 13, 2002

Understanding ESD Damage to
Magnetoresistive (MR) Recording Heads

Al Wallash explains the ESD risks in handling highly sensitive MR heads.

Jan 2002

Electrostatic Discharge Considerations for GMR Heads

Jenny Himle gives an excellent review of ESD issues with giant magnetoresistive (GMR) heads. Some real-life examples how YOU can damage GMR heads.

Jan 2002

ESD in Magnetic Recording: Past, Present and Future

Al Wallash gives an overview of the past, present and look into the future. (pdf, 59kB)

Jan 2002

Wallash.com papers and presentations

Browse a range of interesting articles on ESD issues magnetic recording from Al Wallash and his co-workers.

Jan 2002

Implementing a successful ESD programme - a case study

Jeremy Smallwood examines some of the key factors leading to successful implementation of an ESD control programme, with reference to a case study from the ESD conference literature. 

29th August 2000

How Fast Does a Charge Decay?

Niels Jonassen looks at the fundamental of charge decay and surface resitivity.  

27 August 2000

Is Static Electricity Static?

Niels Jonassen examines some of the dynamic aspects of static electricity including human body charging while walking, charging of flowing liquids, electrostatic filtration and paint spraying. 

27 August 2000

Air ion effects on human performance

Jeremy Smallwood  reviews the literature on the biological effects of air ions in an Electrostatic Solutions report commisioned by Ecstatic Ltd. 


EMC Compliance Journal Archives

Excellent archive of EMC related articles.


Electrostatics sorts and saves

Download article featuring the ELREC project (.pdf, 978kb).

Novel ways of separating plastics, papers and other materials using electrostatics

This article was reproduced from Eureka magazine's August 2001 issue. Click here to visit the Eureka web site.

November 2001


Feature article archive containing many interesting and useful articles on EMC, directives, and design for conformity

18 August 2001

Elmac Services list of articles and papers

Elmac Services list of articles and papers for EMC engineers


The ESD Guide

Our on-line guide to ESD prevention in electronics manufacture, using the new 61340-5-1 standard. Check out some of the key requirements.

Find out how we can help with your ESD program needs!